Important Biology Questions for Railways and SSC

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In SSC and Railway Examination, General science plays very crucial rule. So today, in this article we cover most Important Biology Questions for Railway and SSC Exam. There are lots of questions from this section, especially relevant for Railways. Science is very very important so that we have added related Biology Questions for Railway and SSC Exam.

Important Biology Questions for Railway and SSC Exam

Topic: Vitamins Short Notes and most Important MCQs

Vitamin was invented by F. G. Hopkins but the term vitamin was given by Funk. There are two types of vitamins –  Water Soluble and Fat-soluble. Water Soluble Vitamins are B and C, whereas Fat-Soluble Vitamins are A, D, E and K

Vitamin A: Retinol
Source of Vitamin A: Milk, Cheeze, Egg, Fish Liver Oil, Green Vegetables.
Diseases: Night Blindness, Tod skin

Vitamin B and its types

Vitamin B1: Thiamin (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Beri Beri
Source of Vitamin B1: Ground Nut, dried chilly, pulses, rapeseed

Vitamin B2: Riboflavin (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Cracking od skin, Reddish eye etc.
Source of Vitamin B2: Milk, Meat, Veg

Vitamin B3: Nicotinamide (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Pallegra, 4D syndrome
Source of Vitamin B3: Groundnut, meat, tomato, potato, leafy vegetable.

Vitamin B5: Pantothenic Acid (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Whitening of hair, mentally retarded
Source of Vitamin B5: Liver, tomatoes, meat, milk, and egg.

Vitamin B6: Pyrodixine (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Anaemia
Source of Vitamin B6: Liver, meat, grains.

Vitamin B7: Biotin (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Paralysis
Source of Vitamin B7: All seasonal vegetables, cucumber, meat, egg, dairy products.

Vitamin B12: Cyanocobalamin (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Jaundice
Source of Vitamin B12: All citrus fruits, dairy products.

Vitamin C: Ascorbic Acid (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Scurby
Source of Vitamin C: Lemon, Orange, Tomato, Chilly

Vitamin D: Calciferol (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Rickets (Child), Osteomalacia (Adults)
Source of Vitamin D: Sunlight, Cod Liver Oil, Egg

Vitamin E: Tocopherol (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Less Fertility
Source of Vitamin E: Leafy vegetables, Dairy Products

Vitamin K: Phylloquinone (Scientific Name)
Diseases: Non-clotting of Blood
Source of Vitamin K: Soybean Oil, tomato


1. Scurvy is caused due to the deficiency of
(a) Vitamin B2                   (b) Vitamin B12
(c) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]Ascorbic acid   [/su_highlight]            (d) Glutamic acid

2. A vitamin which plays a vital role in the coagulating property of blood is
(a) Vitamin A                     (b) Vitamin D
(c) Vitamin E                     (d) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]Vitamin K[/su_highlight]

3. Beri-Beri is caused due to
(a) Vitamin A                     (b) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]Vitamin B[/su_highlight]

(c) Vitamin C                     (d) Vitamin D

4. Deficiency of which one of the following cause knock-knee, bow legs and pigeon chest in children
(a) Vitamin A                     (b) Vitamin B
(c) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]Vitamin D[/su_highlight]                     (d) Vitamin D

5. Rickets is caused due to the deficiency of
(a) Vitamin A                     (b) Vitamin B
(c) Vitamin C                     (d) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]Vitamin D[/su_highlight]

6. Iodine deficiency in diet is known to cause
(a) Beri-Beri                      (b) rickets
(c) night-blindness        (d) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]goiter [/su_highlight]

7. Bleeding gums is generally associated with a deficiency
(a) thiamine                      (b) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]ascorbic acid[/su_highlight]

(c) folic acid                       (d) vitamin E

8. Deficiency of vitamin E causes
(a) Beri- Beri                     (b) scurvy
(c) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]Antifertility [/su_highlight]                (d) None of these

9. Vitamin A deficiency leads to a disease known as
(a) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]night-blindness[/su_highlight]              (b) beriberi
(c) Scurvy                                (d) TV

10. The vitamins, which are soluble in water, are
(a) A and B                       (b) C and D
(c) [su_highlight background=”#4bef2d”]B and C  [/su_highlight]                     (d) A and D


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